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The Palatine Hill in Rome

Sightseeing tours Rome - Ancient Rome holiday - Roman forum and Colosseum - the seven hills of Rome - Circus Maximus - Domus Aurea - Palatine Museum -

The Palatine is the most important of the Seven Hills in Rome because, according to the tradition, Romolus founded Rome on this hill between 754 and 753 BC.
It stands above the Roman Forum, looking down upon it on one side, and upon the Circus Maximus on the other.
Due to his historic significance, the Palatine is one of the most ancient parts of the city and became the residence of the Ancient Rome upper class and political class from the 6th centuries BC. 
During the Imperial Age, all Emperors built their residences on this hill, as Tiberius Palace (Domus Tiberiana), Nero Palace (Domus Transitoria and part of the Domus Aurea), Flavians Palace (Domus Flavia and Domus Augustana) and Septimius Severus palace (Domus Severiana).
In the 16th century Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, who was a great collector and patron of the arts during the Renaissance, commissioned to Vignola the construction of a botanical garden called Horti Farnesiani in this area. The main gate of the villa today is located in Via di San Gregorio and it is the entrance to the archaeological area.
In the 18th century an extensive excavation started in the district and an incredible collection of finds from this archaeological site is now visible in the Palatine Museum (Museo Palatino). With artifacts dating back as far as the Middle Palaeolithic era, this Museum offers a good overview of the area considered to be the birthplace of Rome.
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